Steps in validating a new research survey instrument
It doesn't matter if it's survey for program evaluation, government, health care, education, or a nonprofit agency. Once you know the rules for designing questionnaires, you can create any kind of customer satisfaction survey or employee opinion survey. The process of goal definition begins by down the broad and general goals of the study.As the process continues, the goals become more clearly defined and the research issues are narrowed.The rules for designing any kind of survey are the same. Questionnaire items, on the other hand, are designed to help answer the global research questions.It doesn't matter if it's a market research survey, public opinion poll, customer satisfaction survey, or employee survey. Defining the goals and objectives of a research project is one of the most important steps in the research process. Clearly stated goals keep a research project focused.Designing Surveys and Questions: Chapter from book Survival Statistics This tutorial by David Walonick, is an on-line except from the book Survival Statistics, written by a former university professor. A Field Guide to Designing Quantitative Instruments to Measure Program Impact This how to guide by Dr. Barkman, Purdue University, is an easy to use, step by step guide to determining and developing appropriate survey instruments. Designing an Effective Questionnaire This fact sheet by Christine Chavez, Loyola Marymount University, highlights five common steps in good survey design and can serve as a guide when designing your own surveys. Example Extension Program Evaluation Tools This how to guide by Richard L. Samples of Surveys & Related Evaluation Tools (conducted via mail, telephone, personal interview & web)This website by Keith Diem, Rutgers University, offers an array of survey samples and related instruments in conducting evaluations. Choosing Appropriate Answer Categories This fact sheet by Janet Bechman, Purdue University, focuses on choosing survey question answer categories. Helpful tips on how to develop and use answer categories. Good examples of how to encourage and clarify responses, limit responses and control an interview. Question Order This fact sheet by Nancy Ellen Kiernan, Penn State University, discusses how question order can bias responses.Poling, University of Arkansas, presents examples of program evaluation tools and scales. A Step-By-Step Guide to Developing Effective Questionnaires and Survey Procedures for Program Evaluation and Research This fact sheet by Keith Diem, Rutgers University, discusses how to develop effective questionnaires. Designing a Survey to Increase Response and Reliability This fact sheet by Nancy Ellen Kiernan, Penn State University, provides tips on laying out survey questions for better response rate and reliable responses. Check Your IQ on Survey Question Design This fact sheet by Janet Bechman, Purdue University, offers a self test/information on survey question design. An example that illustrates the need to ask general questions first, then more specific question to reduce biased responses. Reduce Bias with Retrospective Questions This fact sheet by Nancy Ellen Kiernan, Penn State University, discusses alternatives to pre and post test survey questions. Measuring Intentions This fact sheet by Nancy Ellen Kiernan, Penn State University, discusses how to measure survey recipients intentions. A Technique to Measure Opinions, Skills, Intentions, and Behaviors That's Different-Even Fun This Journal of Extension article by Nancy Ellen Kiernan, The Pennsylvania State University and Ellen Brock, Holmes Correctional Institution, discusses using a step scale to measure changes in opinion, skills, intentions and behaviors. Crafting Behavior Questions This fact sheet by Nancy Ellen Kiernan, Penn State University, discusses the use of yes-no responses when crafting behavior evaluation questions.
Access to the PEN system is not possible for those outside the UT system.Here are a few examples of how you might phrase your goals and objectives: The goals of the study are easily transformed into research questions.